A Contigency-Based View of Chief Executive Officer's Early by Kirschkamp A.

By Kirschkamp A.

Businesses have to determine hazards and possibilities of environmental adjustments so as to adapt to or almost certainly even to persuade them. Early caution which includes scaning and interpretation performs an immense function during this procedure. while the conventional contingency method considers early caution as part of the organizational constitution, the prolonged contigency conception assumes the extra effect of an individual's character on early caution.

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1 Development of the Classical Contingency Theory The contingency theory was a critical reaction to the organizational theories of WEBER 180 and TAYLOR. 181 Two major shortcomings of their theories were criticized. 183 WOODWARD was one of the first who no longer looked for the one best way concept that does not consider situational differences. He considered external factors such as 180 181 182 183 See Weber (2006). See Taylor (1998). “[I]t must be admitted that [Weber’s] conceptualization in terms of ideal types ...

49 Every class of early warning is typical of a specific time and has its own instruments and objectives. 50 The first generation called ‘Operative Frühwarnung’ was developed in 1973 and makes projections on the basis of past data. This is done in the context of operational organizational planning. Its main objective is detecting risks. The second generation started in 1977. It is called ’Operative Früherkennung’ and tries to detect potential risks and chances by means of indicators. The third generation, ’Operative Früherkennung’, began at the end of the 1970ies and instruments such as the strategic radar are mainly used to detect potential risks and chances.

2ff. and Daft and Weick (1984), p. 285. See Huber (1991). See Crossan, Lane and White (1999). For an empirical validation of the model see Crossan and Berdrow (2003). See Crossan, Lane and White (1999), p. 525. , p. 528. See Simon (1991), p. 126 and Kim (1993), p. 43ff. See Weick and Roberts (1993), p. 358f. Crossan, Lane and White (1999), p. 529. Part C C Contingency Theory as an Approach to Explain Early Warning Behavior 27 Contingency Theory as an Approach to Explain Early Warning Behavior Now the underlying theory of this work will be introduced.

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