A History of Mechanics by René Dugas

By René Dugas

"A outstanding paintings with a view to stay a record of the 1st rank for the historian of mechanics." — Louis de Broglie
In this masterful synthesis and summation of the technology of mechanics, Rene Dugas, a number one pupil and educator on the famed Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, bargains with the evolution of the rules of basic mechanics chronologically from their earliest roots in antiquity during the center a while to the progressive advancements in relativistic mechanics, wave and quantum mechanics of the early twentieth century.
The current quantity is split into 5 components: the 1st treats of the pioneers within the research of mechanics, from its beginnings as much as and together with the 16th century; the second one part discusses the formation of classical mechanics, together with the greatly artistic and influential paintings of Galileo, Huygens and Newton. The 3rd half is dedicated to the eighteenth century, during which the association of mechanics unearths its climax within the achievements of Euler, d'Alembert and Lagrange. The fourth half is dedicated to classical mechanics after Lagrange. partly 5, the writer undertakes the relativistic revolutions in quantum and wave mechanics.
Writing with nice readability and sweep of imaginative and prescient, M. Dugas follows heavily the guidelines of the nice innovators and the texts in their writings. the result's an incredibly actual and goal account, specifically thorough in its money owed of mechanics in antiquity and the center a long time, and the real contributions of Jordanus of Nemore, Jean Buridan, Albert of Saxony, Nicole Oresme, Leonardo da Vinci, and lots of different key figures.
Erudite, complete, replete with penetrating insights, A History of Mechanics is an surprisingly skillful and wide-ranging research that belongs within the library of an individual drawn to the background of science.

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Indeed, the original works never had that codified aspect which is, of necessity, lent them by the textbooks. Just as the French currency remained stable for more than a century, Lagrange’s mechanics was able to appear as complete for a period of roughly the same length. Despite its mathematical perfection, it had no other foundation that that of common experiment. The double revolution of 1905 and 1923—the second much more radical than the first—profoundly disturbed the classical structure. For these new doctrines intended to rule over the whole of physics, only admitting the validity of classical mechanics in the limits at which the velocity of light can be considered infinite and Planck’s universal constant negligible.

As a consequence, it will either necessarily stay at rest or, if in motion, will move indefinitely unless some obstacle comes into collision with it. ” Aristotle’s ideas on gravitation and the figure of the Earth merit our attention, if only because of the influence which they have had on the development of the principles of mechanics. First we shall quote from the Treatise on the Heavens (Book II, Chapter XIV). “Since the centres of the Universe and of the Earth coincide, one should ask oneself towards which of these heavy bodies and even the parts of the Earth are attracted.

This manuscript contains a theory of the roman balance, and shows that the fact that the balance is a heavy homogenous cylinder does not alter the relation of the weights to each other. Finally, in a XIIIth Century manuscript, Duhem has unearthed a text called Liber Euclidis de ponderibus secundum terminorum circonferentiam 15 which connects the law of levers with aristotelian dynamics and also contains a theory of the roman balance. 4. THE BOOK OF CHARISTION. Liber Charastonis is the latin version of an arabic text due to the geometer Thâbit ibn Kurrah (836-901).

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