Abiotic Stress Physiology of Horticultural Crops by N.K. Srinivasa Rao, K.S. Shivashankara, R.H. Laxman

By N.K. Srinivasa Rao, K.S. Shivashankara, R.H. Laxman

This ebook brings jointly contemporary advances within the zone of abiotic rigidity tolerance in numerous greens, fruit plants, plantation plants and tuber plants. the most demanding situations to enhancing the productiveness of horticultural plants are the different sorts of abiotic stresses ordinarily as a result of weather swap on the neighborhood and international point. warmth, drought, chilly and salinity are the most important abiotic stresses that adversely impact progress and productiveness and will set off a chain of morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular alterations in quite a few horticultural plants. thus far, there are not any books protecting horticultural crop-specific abiotic tension tolerance mechanisms and their administration. Addressing that hole, the booklet is split into 2 sections, the 1st of which highlights fresh advances within the basic features of abiotic rigidity tolerance just like the function of hormones, reactive oxygen species, seed remedies, molecular mechanisms of warmth tolerance and heavy steel toxicity, whereas the second one makes a speciality of the abiotic rigidity tolerance mechanisms of assorted greens, fruit plants, plantation plants and tuber plants. It contains entire discussions of fruit plants like mango, grapes, banana, litchi and arid region culmination; greens vegetation like tomato, capsicum, onion and tuber plants; and plantation plants like coconut, areca nut, oil palm and black pepper. one of the thoughts for plant tension survival, examples of either avoidance and tolerance correct to specific plants are tested intimately, supported by way of chosen complete case reports of development. As such, the ebook bargains a necessary source fitted to scientists and graduate scholars operating within the fields of crop development, genetic engineering, and the abiotic pressure tolerance of horticultural plants.

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2008a). Similarly, OsABF1 in roots is involved in abiotic stress responses and ABA signaling (Hossain et al. 2010). In tomato, a bZIP transcription factor SIAREB1 participates in abiotic stress by regulating oxidative-stressrelated proteins, LEA proteins, and lipid transfer proteins (Orellana et al. 2010). The ABA controls abiotic stress signaling, regulated by three components: (1) pyrabactin resistance (PYR)/PYR1-like (PYL)/regulatory component of ABA receptor (RCAR), (2) protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C), and (3) SNF1 (sucrose non-fermenting)-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2) (Mehrotra et al.

However, their levels under stress increase even after ABA content reaches plateau. In contrast upon rehydration of plants, the ABA level shows a decrease, but PA or DPA levels either increase or remain unaltered (Zhou et al. 2004). Drought and salinity induce ABA accumulation in the leaves of many plant species (Benson et al. 1988; Bray 1988; Pekic et al. 1995; Luo et al. 1992; La Rosa et al. 1985, 1987; Jiang and Zhang 2002; Nayyar et al. 2005; Conti et al. 1994; Upreti et al. 1997, 1998, 2000; Upreti and Murti 2004a, 2005; Satisha et al.

In the present chapter, an insight into various physiological and biochemical aspects of PGR in relation to their involvement in abiotic stress is provided. 2 Abscisic Acid (ABA) The ABA is an important chemical signal of plant responses to a range of abiotic stresses, including drought and salinity (Keskin et al. 2010; Verslues and Bray 2006). A dynamic balance between its biosynthesis and degradation, sensitized by developmental and environmental factors, determines the amount of available ABA (Cutler and Krochko 1999).

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