Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel by Helga Stan-Lotter, Sergiu Fendrihan

By Helga Stan-Lotter, Sergiu Fendrihan

This completely up to date moment version presents an summary at the biology, ecology and biodiversity of extremophiles. strange and no more explored ecosystems inhabited by means of extremophiles resembling marine hypersaline deeps, severe chilly, barren region sands, and man-made fresh rooms for spacecraft meeting are awarded. an extra concentration is wear the position of those hugely really expert microorganism in utilized study fields, starting from biotechnology and nanotechnology to astrobiology. Examples akin to novel psychrophilic enzymes, compounds from halophiles, and detection ideas for power extraterrestrial lifestyles kinds are mentioned in detail.
The booklet addresses researchers and complex scholars within the fields of microbiology, microbial ecology and biotechnology.

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Extra resources for Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel Research Results and Application

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Cbm00022 Jongsma D, Fortuin AR, Huson W et al (1983) Discovery of an anoxic basin within the Strabo trench, eastern Mediterranean. Nature 305:795–797 Joye SB, MacDonald IR, Montoya JP, Piccini M (2005) Geophysical and geochemical signatures of Gulf of Mexico seafloor brines. Biogeosciences 2:295–309 Joye SB, Samarkin VA, Orcutt BN et al (2009) Metabolic variability in seafloor brines revealed by carbon and sulphur dynamics. Nat Geosci 2:349–354 Kormas KA, Pachiadaki MP, Karayanni H et al (2015) Inter comparison of the potentially active prokaryotic communities in the halocline sediments of Mediterranean deep sea hypersaline basins.

2009, 2013; Daffonchio et al. 2006). In the Eastern Mediterranean, most of the DHABs’ brines have thalassohaline composition, although Discovery and Kryos show athalassohaline brines enriched of magnesium. Discovery basin is filled by a near-saturated MgCl2 brine, which concentration (around 5 M) is the highest reported in marine environments (van der Wielen et al. 2005). In this basin, the high magnesium concentration determines a very low water activity value and extremely high chaotropicity, considered unsuitable for life (Hallsworth et al.

2 Geochemical Features of DHABs....................................................................... 3 Microbial Communities of the Newly Discovered DHABs in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea........................................................................ 4 Microbial Diversity of Hypersaline Brines in the Gulf of Mexico................................... 5 Concluding Remarks........................................................................................................ 37 References.................................................................................................................................

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