By Gene M. Heyman
Publish 12 months note: First released may well fifteenth 2009
Pages note: PDF is 213, pagination is 200
In a ebook absolute to encourage controversy, Gene Heyman argues that traditional knowledge approximately addiction--that it's a sickness, a compulsion past unsleeping control--is wrong.
Drawing on psychiatric epidemiology, addicts' autobiographies, therapy experiences, and advances in behavioral economics, Heyman makes a robust case that habit is voluntary. He exhibits that drug use, like several offerings, is motivated by means of personal tastes and targets. yet simply as there are winning dieters, there are profitable ex-addicts. in truth, dependancy is the psychiatric sickness with the top expense of restoration. yet what ends an addiction?
At the center of Heyman's research is a startling view of selection and motivation that applies to all offerings, not only the alternative to take advantage of medicinal drugs. The stipulations that advertise quitting a drug dependancy contain new details, cultural values, and, in fact, the prices and merits of extra drug use. so much folks keep away from changing into drug based, now not simply because we're in particular rational, yet simply because we detest the assumption of being an addict.
Heyman's research of well-established yet often neglected examine ends up in unforeseen insights into how we make choices--from weight problems to McMansionization--all rooted in our deep-seated tendency to eat an excessive amount of of no matter what we adore top. As wealth raises and know-how advances, the quandary posed by means of addictive medicines spreads to new items. although, this extraordinary and radical e-book issues to an answer. If drug addicts generally beat habit, then non-addicts can discover ways to keep an eye on their common tendency to take an excessive amount of.
Read Online or Download Addiction: A Disorder of Choice PDF
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Additional info for Addiction: A Disorder of Choice
This was not self-censorship. Greek and Roman essayists were not shy to scold their fellow citizens for excessive drinking. That there were no similar scolds for opium suggests that they had nothing bad to say about it. Opiates in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The image of opium as a healthful elixir persists for millennia, and if anything grows stronger. For instance, some three thousand years after the authors of the Ebers Papyrus jotted down how to cure colic, the author of a major sixteenthcentury medical text, Paracelsus (1493–1541), referred to tinctures of opium as “laudanum”—an object worthy of praise—and “the stone of immortality,” extending life.
The enlistees did not have to risk going into a “bad” neighborhood to obtain illicit drugs or risk rejection from their peers. Under these conditions, the addiction rates for opiates more than doubled. The results run counter to the expectation that illicit drug use is more likely to lead to addiction than alcohol is to lead to alcoholism. 2 Probability of drug dependence for those who have used the drug. The probabilities were calculated on the basis of data from the previous ﬁgure. The alcohol results are from NESARC.
It listed more severe penalties than the ﬁrst and was accompanied by an explanation for why opium 24 T H E F I R S T D R U G E P I D E M I C should be outlawed. The Jiaqing Emperor is quoted as follows (in Latimer & Goldberg, 1981): The use of opium originally prevailed only among vagrants and disreputable persons . . but has since extended itself among the members and descendants of respectable families, students, and ofﬁcers of the government. When this habit becomes established by frequent repetition, it gains an entire ascendence, and the consumer of opium is not only unable to forbear from its daily use, but on passing the accustomed hour, cannot refrain from tears or command himself in any degree.
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