By J.W. Negele, Erich W. Vogt

This year's 4 articles handle themes starting from the character of the substructure of the nucleon and the deuteron to the overall houses of the nucleus, together with its part transitions and its wealthy and unforeseen quantal homes. They evaluate the current experimental and theoretical knowing of the foundation of the spin of the nucleon, the liquid-gas section transition that happens at a lot decrease temperatures and densities than these of a quark-gluon plasma in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, the experimental facts and theoretical types rising approximately very-high-spin states of nuclei, and the heritage of findings from the deuteron derived from contemporary electron-deuteron scattering experiments with saw polarizations and different experiments. The authors should not pointed out.

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**Example text**

Mayer carried out a “straightforward but tedious calculation of the interaction” and obtained detailed results. Nevertheless, she found that these states are indeed the lowest and found empirically an elegant expression for their energies. It is the correct one also for higher values (for seniorities and see Sect. 6). These expressions are where I is an integral of multiplied by radial parts of the wave function. is given”. She pointed out that these expressions reproduce the oddeven variation in binding energies.

The submatrices with given J of all rotations form an irreducible representation of the rotation group O(3). The eigenstates which define a given submatrix of the Hamiltonian form a basis of the given irreducible representation. In general, eigenstates of a Hamiltonian with a given symmetry belong to certain bases of irreducible representations of the symmetry group. The labels of these irreducible representations can serve as quantum numbers which characterize eigenstates, like J in the example described above.

The orthogonal state is pushed higher by the proton-neutron interaction. They tried to explain the empirical rule of Kraushaar and Goldhaber that “for a sequence of states the matrix element for the E2 cross over transition is in many cases considerably smaller than that for the E2 fraction in the transition”. They suggested that it is due to the seniority selection rule, The authors considered the effects of real configuration mixings where they explained the “regularities observed for the separations in even-even nuclei”.