By Giacomo Zaccone, Ernest Cutz, Dirk Adriaensen
This e-book presents a accomplished and updated account of the knowledge on hand at the morphological, physiological and evolutionary features of specialised cells allotted in the epithelia of the airlines within the vertebrates. loads of paintings has been performed at the phone and molecular biology of those cells that are considered as as oxygen receptor neuroepithelial cells. those chemoreceptors which have been conserved all through evolution have neuroendocrine capabilities sporting their signs to the imperative anxious system.
The chemoreceptor cells are sensors which discover the sign adjustments within the exterior and inner environments, and play a key function within the survival of assorted species. stories addressed to the chemoreceptor phone platforms within the airlines are of significant value for investigating their reaction to alterations within the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations within the setting because the way forward for the planet earth is being threatened by way of international warming and weather change.
Praise for the book:
…This quantity will be of targeted curiosity to researchers who're inquisitive about the evolution of vertebrate respiration regulate more often than not and the law of air flow in nonmammalian vertebrates specifically. ―Wayne L. Silver, Wake wooded area collage, in The Quarterly evaluation of Biology, quantity eighty five, quantity 2
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Extra info for Airway Chemoreceptors in Vertebrates
A. 2002. Developmental regulation of O2 sensing in neonatal adrenal chromaffin cells from wild-type and NADPH-oxidasedeficient mice. Pflügers Arch 444:539-548. , and Sundin, L. 2003. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors mediate chemoreflexes in the shorthorn sculpin Myoxocephalus scorpius. J Exp Biol. 206:1251-1259. , and Sundin, L. 2006. Late onset of NMDA receptor-mediated ventilatory control during early development in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Comp Biochem Physiol A. 143:332-339. F. 2006. Chemoreceptor plasticity and respiratory acclimation in the zebrafish Danio rerio.
2006). Catecholamine secretion from chromaffin cells appears also to be stimulated by O2 chemoreceptors of the gill and leads to adaptive physiological changes (Randall and Perry, 1992; Reid and Perry, 2003). Following cholinergic stimulation, catecholamine secretion by chromaffin cells was higher in trout previously exposed to chronic hypoxia than in normoxic controls (Montpetit and Perry, 1998). These studies, therefore, suggest that O2-sensitive NECs of the gills, which may initiate changes in ventilation and catecholamine release, undergo morphological or physiological changes following chronic exposure to hypoxia or hyperoxia, and such plasticity may underlie adaptation to such environments.
K. 2000. Branchial receptors and cardiorespiratory reflexes in a neotropical fish, the tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum). J Exp Biol. 203:1225-1239. W. 2003a. Evidence for glutamatergic mechanisms in the vagal sensory pathway initiating cardiorespiratory reflexes in the shorthorn sculpin Myoxocephalus scorpius. J Exp Biol. 206:867-876. , and Burleson, M. 2003b. Identification of central mechanisms vital for breathing in the channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. Resp Physiol Neurobiol. 138:77-86. W.
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