By Guy MacLean Rogers
For almost and a part millennia, Alexander the good has loomed over historical past as a legend–and an enigma. Wounded again and again yet consistently positive in conflict, he conquered lots of the recognized international, purely to die mysteriously on the age of thirty-two. In his day he was once respected as a god; in our day he has been reviled as a mass assassin, a tyrant as brutal as Stalin or Hitler.
Who used to be the fellow at the back of the masks of energy? Why did Alexander embark on an extraordinary application of world domination? What accounted for his wonderful good fortune at the battlefield? during this luminous new biography, the esteemed classical student and historian man MacLean Rogers sifts via hundreds of thousands of years of heritage and delusion to discover the reality approximately this advanced, ambiguous genius.
Ascending to the throne of Macedonia after the assassination of his father, King Philip II, Alexander came across whereas slightly out of his kids that he had a rare expertise and a boundless urge for food for army conquest. A virtuoso of violence, he was once proficient with an uncanny skill to imagine how a conflict may spread, coupled with devastating decisiveness within the box. Granicus, Issos, Gaugamela, Hydaspes–as the victories fastened, Alexander’s ardour for conquest increased from towns to international locations to continents. whilst Persia, the best empire of his day, fell sooner than him, he marched instantly on India, aspiring to upload it to his holdings.
As Rogers exhibits, Alexander’s army prowess merely heightened his exuberant sexuality. although his style for a number of companions, either female and male, used to be tolerated, Alexander’s rather enlightened remedy of ladies was once not anything in need of progressive. He outlawed rape, he positioned clever ladies in positions of authority, and he selected his other halves from one of the peoples he conquered. certainly, as Rogers argues, Alexander’s fascination with Persian tradition, customs, and sexual practices could have ended in his downfall, even perhaps to his death.
Alexander emerges as a charismatic and unusually sleek figure–neither a messiah nor a genocidal butcher yet essentially the most ingenious and bold army tacticians of all time. Balanced and authoritative, this fabulous portrait brings Alexander to lifestyles as a guy, with out diminishing the ability of the legend.
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Extra info for Alexander: The Ambiguity of Greatness
Toomer, Diocles on Burning Mirrors (Berlin and New York 1976). A. Touwaide, “Medicinal Plants,” BNP 8 (2006) 558–568. M. Ullmann, Die Medizin in Islam (Leiden and Köln 1970). Idem, Die Natur- und Geheimwissenschaften im Islam (Leiden and Köln 1972). George Usher, A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man (London 1974). T. Vallance, The Lost Theory of Asclepiades of Bithynia (Oxford 1990). E. , Tradición e Innovación de la Medicina Latina de la Antigüedad y de la Alta Edad Media (Santiago de Compostela 1994).
The ﬁrst work (ed. Crismani) contains 130 chapters of remedies for such conditions as falling hair (1), duspnoia (30), fevers (39–40), anthrax (57), erusipelas (59), insomnia (85–90), eye disorders (96–99), and colic or dysentery (119–130). Nestled between the two attributed treatises, two MSS (Vat. Gr. 299, Ambros. Gr. S3) transmit an anonymous text On Venomous Animals and Poisons, attributed by scholars to Aelius, A , or A P (but P 14 shows that Arkhigene¯ s oﬀered a diﬀerent analysis of scorpion poisons than Venomous 15).
44). Fragments 12–14 probably belonged to the latter work, whose title was perhaps Alexipharmaka (alternatively, this poem on herbal remedies might simply have been The¯riaka 2). The Generation of Birds was based on Boios’ poem with the same title, whereas The¯riaka followed N. 701, in fact, cites Macer as a possible source. W. Morel, “Iologica,” Philologus 83 (1928) 345–389; R. S. ” CR 87 (1973) 11; H. Dahlmann, Über Aemilius Macer (1981); F. Brena, “Nota a Macro, fr. ,” Maia 44 (1992) 171–172; FLP 292–299 and 520; Blänsdorf (1995) 271–278; Jacques (2002) , n.
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