Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant by Frank L. Holt

By Frank L. Holt

To all those that witnessed his striking conquests, from Albania to India, Alexander the good seemed invincible. How Alexander himself promoted this appearance--how he abetted the assumption that he loved divine prefer and commanded even the forces of nature opposed to his enemies--is the topic of Frank L. Holt's soaking up e-book.

Solid proof for the ''supernaturalized'' Alexander lies in an extraordinary sequence of medallions that depict the positive younger king at conflict opposed to the elephants, archers, and chariots of Rajah Porus of India on the conflict of the Hydaspes River. Recovered from Afghanistan and Iraq in sensational and occasionally perilous conditions, those historical artifacts have lengthy lively the fashionable ancient debate approximately Alexander. Holt's e-book, the 1st dedicated to the secret of those old medallions, takes us into the heritage in their discovery and interpretation, into the knowable evidence in their manufacture and which means, and, eventually, into the king's personal psyche and his scary theology of struggle. the result's a worthy research of Alexander historical past and delusion, a bright account of numismatics, and a spellbinding check out the age-old mechanics of megalomania.

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Drawing based upon a woodcut in Illustrated London News (1877). 14 Its middle course still defines the northern borders of Afghanistan (ancient Bactria), in an area once heav- Century, 1985). On Wood, see his memoir A Journey to the Source of the River Oxus (London: John Murray, 1872). 14. Actually a lake (once the world’s fourth largest), the Aral has been drying up at an alarming rate, with grave consequences for Central Asian populations. 15 In 1877, a roiling surge near an ancient Greek settlement unearthed a vast hidden treasure of silver and gold from the banks of the Oxus.

In Bactria, Zoroaster’s homeland, the Greeks obviously took an active interest in Zoroastrian rituals. 28. Frank Holt, Thundering Zeus: The Making of Hellenistic Bactria (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999), pp. 41 and 177 (inscription no. 10). A Treasure / 37 held by former enemies. And among these special offerings selected to be safeguarded by the priests in their hidden cache was an extraordinary item destined to fall into the hands of Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks, the man behind the great Schliemann at the meeting of the Society of Antiquaries in 1877.

Man of Mystery / 15 one province as all the rest of the Persian Empire, and the casualties had never been higher. The strain of these wars erupted from time to time along new fault lines in Macedonia’s traditional institutions. Alexander’s growing autocracy rankled some senior officers, and even the common soldiers must have struggled with the king’s new standing among the gods and his willingness to adopt Persian dress and court practices such as proskynesis (ritual obeisance). Plots and protests signaled disaffection, but royal retribution came swiftly.

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