All Possible Worlds: A History of Geographical Ideas by Geoffrey J. Martin

By Geoffrey J. Martin

Up to date and revised to incorporate theoretical and different advancements, bibliographical additions, new photos and illustrations, and accelerated identify and topic indexes, the fourth version of All attainable Worlds: A historical past of Geographical Ideas is the main entire and accomplished e-book of its sort. The textual content additionally incorporates a format and clarity that make the cloth effortless to navigate and understand.

The e-book investigates the ways that the topic of geography has been famous, perceived, and evaluated, from its early acknowledgment in historical Greece to its disciplined shape in modern international of shared rules and mass verbal exchange. robust continuities knit the Classical interval to the Age of Exploration, then hold scholars on via Varenius to Humboldt and Ritter--revealing the emergence of "the new geography" of the trendy Period.

The historical past of yank geography--developed in seven of the twenty chapters--is strongly emphasised pursuant to the formal origins of geography in past due nineteenth-century Germany, Darwin's thought of evolution, and the good Surveys of the yank West. This remedy is more advantageous by way of chapters referring to parallel histories of geography in Germany, France, nice Britain, Russia (including the USSR and CIS), Canada, Sweden, and Japan-countries that at the beginning contributed to and later borrowed from the physique folks geographical thought.

All attainable Worlds: A heritage of Geographical Ideas, Fourth version, is perfect for upper-level undergraduate or graduate classes within the heritage and philosophy of classical, medieval, and smooth geographical thought.

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He went eastward over much of the territory of the Persian Empire, visiting Susa and Babylon. Toward the south he visited Egypt many times and went up the Nile as far as the first cataract near Elephantine (Aswan). In his discussion of Egypt, he takes issue with the tradition of dividing Asia (the eastern side of the Mediterranean) from Libya (the southern side) along the Nile River, as Hecataeus had done. The Nile Valley, he insists, has been built by mud brought down from Ethiopia. This mud is dark colored and easily worked with the plow—quite unlike the light-colored clays of Syria or the red sands of Libya.

Here the explorers came upon “wild men and women with hairy bodies,” who, they were told, were called gorillas. They were unable to catch any of the men, but they did catch three women. These they killed and skinned and brought the skins back to Carthage. The record of the expedition was preserved on a bronze plaque in a temple at Carthage. ), both made important contributions to the development of geographical ideas. Plato, who was a master of deductive reasoning, insisted that the observable things on the earth were only poor copies of ideas, or perfect predicates from which observable things had degenerated or were in process of degenerating (Popper, 1945/1962:1834).

An example of this in the field of geography was Aristotle’s concept of the varying habitability of the earth with differences of latitude (Glacken, 1956). That habitability was a function of distance from the equator was a notion that seemed to accord with observed facts for people living around the shores of the Mediterranean. If the earth is a sphere and the sun is circulating about it, the parts of the earth where the sun is most directly overhead must be much hotter than places farther away from the sun.

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