An Illustrated History of Health and Fitness, from by Roy J. Shephard

By Roy J. Shephard

This booklet examines the health/fitness interplay in an historic context. starting in primitive hunter-gatherer groups, the place survival required enough actual task, it is going directly to contemplate alterations in well-being and actual task at next levels within the evolution of “civilization.” It specializes in the wellbeing and fitness affects of a growing to be knowing of drugs and body structure, and the emergence of a middle-class with the time and cash to select from energetic and passive spare time activities. The booklet displays on urbanization and industrialization in terms of the necessity for public health and wellbeing measures, and the ever-diminishing actual calls for of the work-place. It then evaluates the attitudes of prelates, politicians, philosophers and lecturers at each one level of the method. ultimately, the ebook explores expert and governmental tasks to extend public involvement in energetic relaxation via quite a few institution, worksite, leisure and activities programmes.​

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Extra info for An Illustrated History of Health and Fitness, from Pre-History to our Post-Modern World (Studies in History and Philosophy of Science,volume 39)

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The Spanish bishop Diego de Landa Calde´ron (1524– 1579 CE), who detailed much of the Mayan culture before systematically destroying it, wrote that watching a ball-game was like seeing lightning strike, because the players moved so swiftly (de Landa Calde´ron 1937). At one time, it was believed that the losing team (or at least the captain of the losing team) would be killed at the end of the match. However, recent study of Mayan glyphs suggests that it may have been the winning team or the winning captain who was given the honour of a quick sacrificial death and thus instant passage to paradise.

A state monopoly cultivated coca on some of the terraced hillsides (Brundage 1985). Like the Aztec and Mayan civilizations, the Incas played tlachtli, the temple ball-game. They also found time for music, and having access to metals they made bells, trumpets, and intricate gold jewellery. The children played with tops, balls, and pieces of broken pottery (Malpass 1996). Fig. 17 The Chasquis, or runners, were a specialized group of Incans who could carry messages (sometimes coded in the form of knotted strings) at a speed of about 400 km/day, using a relay system.

1 Quebec Indians From their bases in Quebec City, Montreal and Trois Rivie`res, fur-trading “Voyageurs” travelled vast distances on the northern rivers of Quebec, and into the western parts of the United States such as Grand Portage in Minnesota, assisted by Indian paddlers (Fig. 8). When travelling by themselves, many of the North American Indians used relatively small canoes that could penetrate the narrow streams, but some of the commercial canoes of the Voyageurs, made of cedar and birch bark, weighed up to 300 kg.

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