By Cyprian Broodbank
This booklet makes use of comparative island archaeology to reinterpret a necessary section in early Aegean historical past. Cyprian Broodbank provides the 1st smooth research of Cycladic tradition, tracing the improvement of Neolithic and Early Bronze Age societies in those islands from first colonisation via to incorporation, 3 millennia later, on the earth approach of the Minoan palaces and the broader close to East. The archaeology of this quarter is wealthy and good documented, and permits Dr Broodbank to reformulate early Cycladic historical past and to set up distinct examples that problem proven techniques to island archaeology. He indicates that islanders can actively outline their cultural house and environments, and that their groups are associated by way of complicated family to the non-insular global. This booklet offers clean views and demanding situations for island archaeologists and Mediterranean experts.
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Extra resources for An Island Archaeology of the Early Cyclades
Equally, it is all too easy to forget to ask what sort of activities lay behind the clusters in the data, and how these might explain the degree and character of any coherence that is observed. Such questions will in fact produce diverse answers in different cases. In tne interests of clarification, some of these answers are outlined here. In chapters 4 and 5 it is suggested that the Saliagos, Kephala and Grotta-Pelos cultures are roughly descriptions of the material cultures of early settlement in different parts of the islands.
Neolithic communities comprising small farming villages first appear at the start of the seventh millennium BC, with a particular concentration on the plains of Thessaly (Demoule and Perles 1993; Andreou et al. 1996). There is as yet no agreement as to whether these primarily reflect demic advance or the local adoption of agriculture and an agricultural ideology (Halstead 1996a; Hodder 1990; van Andel and Runnels 1995; Whittle 1996: 37-71). The crops cultivated at this stage were cereals and pulses, alongside animal husbandry of sheep, goat, cattle and pig, augmented to a very slight degree by wild food acquisition.
Fig. 7 An exploration index for d1e early Cyclades. The criteria for inclusion in d1e first category are the exca,:ation of a multi-period settlement and/or a large amount of field survey, usually of d1e intensive type. The second category comprises islands wid1 a one-period excavated settlement and/or a lower but substantial level of field survey. Islands mat have had little or no formal exploration, or from where rumoured finds are unsubstantiated, are categorised as Poor. fieldwork relating to the early periods.
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