Ancient Greece: Social and Historical Documents from Archaic by Matthew Dillon, Lynda Garland

By Matthew Dillon, Lynda Garland

During this revised variation, Matthew Dillon and Lynda Garland have accelerated the chronological variety of old Greece to incorporate the Greek international of the fourth century. The sourcebook now levels from the 1st strains of Greek literature to the demise of Alexander the good, protecting all the major historic sessions and social phenomena of historic Greece. the fabric is taken from various resources: historians, inscriptions, graffiti, legislation codes, epitaphs, decrees, drama and poetry. It contains the key literary authors, but in addition covers a big variety of writers, together with many non-Athenian authors. when targeting the most towns of old Greece - Athens and Sparta- the sourcebook additionally attracts on quite a lot of fabric about the Greeks in Egypt, Italy, Sicily, Asia Minor and the Black Sea. historic Greece covers not just the chronological, political historical past of historical Greece, but additionally explores the total spectrum of Greek existence via themes equivalent to gender, social type, race and labour. This revised variation comprises: thoroughly new chapters - "The upward push of Macedon" and "Alexander ?the Great?, 336-323" BC New fabric within the chapters at the City-State, faith within the Greek international, Tyrants and Tyranny, The Peloponnesian battle and its Aftermath, Labour: Slaves, Serfs and voters, and ladies, Sexuality and the kin it truly is based in order that: Thematically prepared chapters prepared let scholars to accumulate steadily wisdom of the traditional Greek international Introductory essays to every bankruptcy supply worthwhile heritage to appreciate subject parts Linking commentaries aid scholars comprehend the resource extracts and what they show concerning the historical Greeks historic Greece: Social and ancient records from Archaic instances to the loss of life of Alexander the good. 3rd variation, will stay a definitive number of resource fabric at the society and tradition of the Greeks.

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3–5: Athens’ Resources at the Outbreak of War Perikles is here pointing out the city’s resources to the people of Athens at the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. Compared to Sparta, Athens was financially well prepared for war, and in addition had a fleet of 300 triremes. The sacred monies could be used but were to be repaid, but Athens in the event did not repay them: cf. doc. 11 for the treasures in the Parthenon. 3 Perikles told the Athenians to take courage from the fact that the city had nearly six hundred talents a year coming in as tribute from the allies, quite apart from the rest of the revenue, and that they still had on the acropolis six thousand talents in coined silver (at its greatest the reserve had amounted to nine thousand seven hundred talents, from which they had paid for the propylaea of the acropolis and the other buildings and for Potidaea).

26 In short, our ancestors decided that the people, as the absolute power, should appoint the magistrates, punish those who failed in their duties, and act as judge in matters of dispute, while those who had the time and the means should devote themselves to public affairs like servants. 27 If they acted with justice they would be commended and be satisfied with this honour; if they governed badly they would receive no mercy but be subjected to the severest penalties. And yet, how could anyone discover a democracy with more stability 16 T H E P O LI S : T H E G R E E K C I T Y- ST A T E or more justice than this one — which put the most competent men in charge of its government, but gave the people absolute power over them?

1 Ten men are elected by lot as Repairers of Shrines, who receive thirty minas from the financial officials for the restoration of those temples that most require it, and ten as Citycontrollers. 2 Five of these hold office in the Piraeus and five in the city, and they supervise the female flute, harp and lyre players to ensure that they do not receive more than two drachmas, and, if more than one person wants to hire one, the officials cast lots and hire her to the winner. And they take care that none of the night-soil collectors deposits excrement within ten stades of the city wall and they prevent buildings being constructed in the streets so that balconies overhang the streets or overhead pipes overflow into the streets or windows open onto the streets.

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